Drug addicts need treatment, and not from prison. About 2.3 million Americans are in prison, including a large number of addicts who need more treatment. So does prison help reduce addiction, or does it generate new problems? To find out more, we invite you to read the article. 

Sourced through Scoop.it from: www.drugrehab.com

Addiction is a chronic disease that afflicts a person, and it continues affecting him/her throughout his/her life in many ways such as diabetes or irregular blood pressure. It is one of the problems that erode the patient’s body. When a person takes drugs, specifically narcotic drugs such as morphine, opium, banjo, and others, the secretion of natural narcotic substances stops in the human brain and the narcotic substance that the addict takes in, replaces them, which leads to the cessation of the combat against withdrawal symptoms that include tremors and severe body pain, and disturbed vision or inability to stand up. The addict then usually turns to any method that enables him/her to obtain funds to buy the drug, even if he/she is forced to steal, kill, or  attack someone— even his/her family in some cases. Consequently, the fate of the addict often ends with imprisonment. 


This matter may be considered by some to be fatal and sad, but many programs work to treat addicts in prison, which work to rid the prisoner of narcotic drugs and rehabilitate him/her, enabling him/her to return to society after serving the punishment period. 

“Prison is discipline and reform.” This sentence is written on the doors of prisons to express the true goal behind establishing prisons that discipline the guilty, and to reform criminals and re-polish them again. Because many prisoners commit crimes under the influence of drugs, these prisoners must be involved in a treatment program. In some prisons, joining this program is optional, and prisoners request to join the prison addict’s treatment program. Prisoners who do not wish to join the program are given methadone, which works to reduce the desire to take drugs. To know more about those programs visit the source information at the DrugRehab website. 


Prison is a closed place that is isolated from society. It consists of rooms of multiple sizes, located above and below the land in which the guilty person resides, and all this is to implement the punishment issued by a decision of the judge, for committing a violation or a crime against a community by departing from the legal and social rules. There may also be some vital and recreational places for prisoners, that differ from one prison to another according, to their individual structures and the systems of management followed therein. 


Imagine that you are condemned to live for years in a place where you do not have privacy, and do not choose the setting, food, or even the company you converse with. You feel surrounded by dangers and doubts, rarely find someone to accompany you, and live isolated from your family and friends. Personality psychologists once believed that our personalities do not change significantly during adulthood, but recent research concluded that— despite some relative stability— our thinking habits, behaviors, and emotions change dramatically in response to external influences in line with the different roles we take on throughout our lives. Therefore, life in the prison environment, which is governed by strict controls and rules that are full of social risks, will inevitably work to significantly change the prisoner’s personality. 


These changes in the prisoner’s personality alerted all those concerned with the safety of the prisoners and the rehabilitation of the released perpetrators. They believe that insofar as they help them cope with the conditions inside the prison, they might be better reintegrated into society after their release. 


There are some basic features of the prison environment that are likely to lead to a change in the personality of prisoners. These features include confiscation of a prisoner’s right to make decisions, lack of privacy, repeated fear, emotional freeze (so that others do not take advantage of their weakness) and the daily commitment to strict rules and duties imposed on them. 


Many psychologists and criminologists agree that prisoners gradually adapt to the environment behind bars, in what is called a process of adapting to life within the prison, socially and culturally. This contributes to the emergence of "Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)," and it is part of a group of symptoms that appear on those released. This is in accordance with the results of interviews with 25 prisoners who were sentenced to life imprisonment in Boston, including two women, who had each spent an average of 19 years in prison. A former prisoner who is over 40 years old, said: "I am now dealing [outside the prison] as if I am still behind bars, and I mean that I am human and not a machine, so you cannot stop something with the press of a button. If you persevere in certain habits for a specific time, it will become part of you." The predominant characteristic of these prisoners, according to the interview, was the inability to trust others, which is a type of permanent paranoia. Another former prisoner (52-years-old) said: "You cannot trust anyone in prison. I suffer from a problem of mistrust, for that, I don’t trust anyone at all."Another prisoner, explaining how the prison inmates deliberately concealed their feelings and suppressed them, said: "With time, the feelings that I have gained will increase steadily, so if you become harsh from the beginning, you will become crueler, and distracted from others."According to the model of the five major factors of personality, this means that they have low levels of neuroticism. In other words, they are characterized by emotional instability or immobility of feelings and low degrees of extroversion and confidence.


In summary, this change in personality will not help them return to the outside community. The researchers believe that the changes they have observed may be the result of the prisoners staying in an infertile environment without cognitive challenges or the ability to live defiantly. The researchers stated at the end of the research: "These results are important and beneficial to the community, because after leaving prison, prisoners may become less prepared to live as good citizens in the community." 


However, other research reached some promising results, and it is one of the few studies that applied the model of the five major factors to prisoners’ personal changes. The researchers compared the personal characteristics of a group of inmates in tightly controlled prisons in Sweden, with the personal characteristics of groups of inmates in prison, including university students and prison guards.They concluded that prisoners scored lower degrees in extra version and openness, but they scored higher degrees in awakening conscience, especially in organization and restraint.


On the other hand, the researchers believe that these results reflect one of the forms of positive acclimatization with the situation in the prison, and they mentioned at the end of the research that: “The environment in the prison is governed by strict rules, in addition to the fact that privacy is limited, and this environment requires a commitment to the system to avoid official punishment and induces the negative reactions of all inmates in the cell.” On the whole, the vigilance of conscience helps prisoners avoid problems. 


In the end, society has the choice to impose heavy penalties on violators of the law that may change their personalities for the worse, or they can choose to formulate provisions and design prisons that help rehabilitate those in conflict with the law to correct their behavior and reform. 


Finally, the question of whether or not prison treats addicts is related to the desire of the family or those around the addicted person and if this person starts receiving treatment and rehabilitation from drugs, alcohol, or other different types of addictions.


In order to help you treat addiction, Hayver has created an online rehabilitation program to help patients stop their addiction to harmful substances. If you are interested in learning more about our online rehabilitation program, contact us at info(at)hayver.com.